Author: L.S. Rathore and Nabansu Chattopadhyay
L.S. Rathore and Nabansu Chattopadhyay’s Article on World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) website
The management of weather and climate risks in agriculture has become an important issue due to climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has highlighted multiple climate risks for agriculture and food security as well as the potential of improved weather and climate early warning systems to assist farmers. Wise use of weather and climate information can help to make better-informed policy, institutional and community decisions that reduce related risks and enhance opportunities, improve the efficient use of limited resources and increase crop, livestock and fisheries production. National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) have an important role to play in providing this weather and climate information to farmers, big and small.
However, NMHSs will need realignment, new resources and training in order to provide location and crop specific actionable weather and climate services and products that link in available technologies, best practices and go the last mile to reach all farmers. The Agromet Advisory Services of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in the Ministry of Earth Sciences is a small step in this direction, aimed at “weatherproofing” farm production.